The role of museums as mediators is assuming central importance around the world as museums react much more intensely to societal needs than they did in the past. To tackle history and world cultures in this way rises constructive questions regarding one’s own identity and leads to a better understanding of the present in all its complexity and thus makes it possible to build a more solid future. Museums have gradually come to act in part as society’s memory, and through their educational efforts they contribute to the sustainable development of the world. The conference “The National Museums in a Globalised World” address the question of national museums through international dialogue and exemplifies how the museum world has become internationalised. Modern Museums are global players in the cultural sector and cross-cultural cooperation is of growing importance.