This book concerns the Early Neolithic on Bornholm, c. 3950-3300 BC. Using archaeological finds and excavations, we will study how the first farming society was established and developed. To write an account of how people lived and what their living conditions were like nearly 6,000 years ago is no easy task. The authors felt, however, that the remains and finds from Bornholm dating to this important period may have something to say, and that this could even result in new interpretations. It all began early in our collaboration when excavating the settlement site at Vallensgård, close to the famous Echo Valley (Ekkodalen), near the centre of the island.